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Peristiwa 22 Februari

Peristiwa

  • 1495 – Raja Charles VIII dari Perancis memasuki Naples untuk mengklaim kota di bawah tahtanya.
  • 1632 – Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems oleh Galileo dipublikasikan.
  • 1744 – Perang Suksesi Austria: Pertempuran Toulon dimulai.
  • 1797 – Invasi Terakhir Britania mulai mendekat Fishguard, Wales.
  • 1819 – Melalui Perjanjian Adams-Onís, Spanyol menjual Florida ke Amerika Serikat dengan harga lima juta Dolar Amerika.
  • 1847 – Perang Mexico-Amerika: Pertempuran Buena Vista – 5.000 tentara amerika mengusir 15.000 orang Mexico.
  • 1853 – Universitas Washington di St. Louis didirikan sebagai Seminari Eliot di St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1855 – Universitas Negeri Pennsylvania didirikan di State College, Pennsylvania (sebagai Sekolah Tinggi Petani Pennsylvania)
  • 1856 – Partai Republik (Amerika Serikat) membuka pertemuan nasional pertama di Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • 1862 – Jefferson Davis secara resmi dilantik untuk masa enam tahun sebagai Presiden Konfederasi Amerika Serikat di Richmond, Virginia. Sebelumnya dia dilantik sebagai Presiden sementara pada 18 Februari 1861.
  • 1876 – Universitas Johns Hopkins didirikan.
  • 1882 – Kerajaan Serbia didirikan kembali.
  • 1889 – Presiden Grover Cleveland menandatangani pengakuan North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana dan Washington sebagai Negara-negara bagian Amerika Serikat.
  • 1904 – Inggris menjual stasiun meteorologi di Kepulauan South Orkney kepada Argentina, Pulau-pulau yang kemudian diklaim oleh Britania Raya pada tahun 1908.
  • 1915 – Perang Dunia I: Jerman memulai perang kapal selam terbatas.
  • 1922 – Kerajaan Inggris secara sepihak menyatakan kemerdekaan Mesir.
  • 1924 – Presiden Amerika Serikat Calvin Coolidge menjadi presiden pertama yang memberikan siaran radio dari Gedung Putih.
  • 1942 – Perang Dunia II: Presiden Franklin D. Roosevelt memerintahkan Jenderal Douglas MacArthur keluar dari Filipina karena kemenangan Jepang.
  • 1943 – Perang Dunia II: Anggota Mawar Putih dieksekusi Nazi Jerman.
  • 1944 – Perang Dunia II: Kekeliruan bom pesawat Amerika di kota-kota Belanda seperti Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede, dan Deventer, menyebabkan 800 mati hanya di Nijmegen saja.
  • 1948 – Revolusi Cekoslowakia dimulai.
  • 1957 – Ngo Dinh Diem dari Vietnam Selatan selamat dari upaya pembunuhan penembakan oleh komunis Vietkong di Ban Me Thuot.
  • 1958 – Presiden Mesir Gamal Abdel Nasser dan Presiden Suriah Shukri al-Quwatli menandatangani pakta persatuan yang membentuk Republik Arab Bersatu.
  • 1959 – Lee Petty memenangi Daytona 500 pertama.
  • 1972 – Tentara Republik Irlandia meledakkan sebuah bom mobil di barak Aldershot, menewaskan tujuh orang dan melukai sembilan belas lainnya.
  • 1973 – Perang Dingin: Setelah Presiden Amerika Serikat Richard Nixon mengunjungi Republik Rakyat China, kedua negara sepakat untuk mendirikan kantor penghubung (liaison).
  • 1974 – Konferensi Tingkat Tinggi Organisasi Konferensi Islam yang kedua diselenggarakan di Lahore, Pakistan. Dihadiri 37 Negara dan 22 Kepala Negara dan Pemerintahaan ikut berpartisipasi. Pertemuan juga mengakui Bangladesh.
  • 1974 – Samuel Byck mencoba membunuh Presiden Amerika Serikat Richard Nixon, namun gagal.
  • 1979 – Kemerdekaan Saint Lucia dari Inggris.
  • 1980 – Miracle on Ice: Di Lake Placid, New York, tim Hoki Amerika Serikat mengalahkan tim Uni Soviet 4-3, dalam apa yang dianggap sebagai salah satu gangguan terbesar dalam sejarah olahraga.
  • 1986 – Dimulainya Revolusi EDSA di Filipina.
  • 1994 – Aldrich Ames dan istrinya ditugaskan oleh Departemen Kehakiman Amerika Serikat menjadi mata-mata bagi Uni Soviet.
  • 1995 – Program satelit pengintai Corona, yang telah ada sejak 1959 hingga 1972, diungkap.
  • 1997 – Pengumuman keberadaan domba Dolly, mamalia pertama yang merupakan hasil kloning.
  • 2002 – Politisi dan pemimpin pemberontak Angola Jonas Savimbi tewas dalam serangan militer.
  • 2006 – Setidaknya enam orang Inggris melancarkan perampokan terbesar yang pernah ada, mencuri £53m (sekitar $92.5 juta atau € 78 juta) dari depot Sekuritas di Tonbridge, Kent.
  • 2012 – Kevin Rudd, Menteri Luar Negeri Australia mengundurkan diri dari jabatannya.
  • 2013 – Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi menetapkan Anas Urbaningrum (ketua umum Partai Demokrat) sebagai tersangka dalam kasus proyek pembangunan kompleks olahraga Hambalang, Citeureup, Bogor.

Hari raya dan peringatan

  • 2002 – Idul Adha 1422 Hijriah.
  • 2004 – Tahun Baru Hijriyah 1425.
  • Hari Istiqlal

Kelahiran

  • 1040 – Rashi, seorang rabbi Perancis (d. 1105)
  • 1403 – Charles VII dari Perancis (d. 1461)
  • 1440 – Ladislaus Posthumus of Bohemia and Hungary (d. 1457)
  • 1500 – Kardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Humanis Italia (d. 1564)
  • 1612 – George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, Negarawan ahli Bahasa Inggris (d. 1677)
  • 1705 – Peter Artedi, Naturalis Swedia (d. 1735)
  • 1714 – Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, Sejarawan Perancis (d. 1795)
  • 1732 – George Washington, Presiden Pertama Amerika Serikat (d. 1799)
  • 1756 – Georg Friedrich von Martens, Diplomat Jerman (d. 1821)
  • 1778 – Rembrandt Peale, artis Amerika (d. 1860)
  • 1788 – Arthur Schopenhauer, filsuf Jerman (d. 1860)
  • 1796 – Alexis Bachelot, misionaris Perancis (d. 1837)
  • 1796 – Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet, matematikawan Belgia (d. 1874)
  • 1806 – Józef Kremer, filsuf messianistik Polandia (d. 1875)
  • 1817 – Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, matematikawan Jerman (d. 1880)
  • 1819 – James Russell Lowell, penyair dan essais Amerika (d. 1891)
  • 1824 – Pierre Janssen, astronom Perancis (d. 1907)
  • 1825 – Jean Baptiste Salpointe, Uskup Agung Santa Fe kedua (d. 1898)
  • 1839 – Francis Pharcellus Church, penerbit dan editor Amerika (d. 1906)
  • 1840 – August Bebel, politikus Jerman (d. 1913)
  • 1849 – Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, matematikawan Rusia (d. 1915)
  • 1857 – Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, pendiri Gerakan Pramuka (Inggris) (d. 1941)
  • 1857 – Heinrich Hertz, Fisikawan Jerman (d. 1894)
  • 1864 – Jules Renard, penulis Perancis (d. 1910)
  • 1874 – Bill Klem, wasit baseball Amerika (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – Walter Ritz, fisikawan Swiss (d. 1909)
  • 1879 – Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted, Danish physical chemist (d. 1947)
  • 1880 – Frigyes Riesz, matematikawan Hungaria (d. 1956)
  • 1881 – Joseph B. Ely, politisi Amerika (d. 1956)
  • 1881 – Albin Prepeluh, penulis dan politisi Slovenia (d. 1937)
  • 1882 – Eric Gill, pemahat/pematung Inggris (d. 1940)
  • 1883 – Marguerite Clark, aktris Amerika (d. 1940)
  • 1886 – Hugo Ball, penyair dan penulis Jerman (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Ksawery Tartakower, pemain catur Polandia (d. 1956)
  • 1888 – Owen Brewster, politikus Amerika (d. 1961)
  • 1889 – Olave Baden-Powell, Pendiri Girl Guide (Inggris) (d. 1977)
  • 1890 – Beatriz Michelena, bintang film bisu Amerika Latin (d. 1942)
  • 1891 – Vlas Chubar, politisi Soviet (d. 1939)
  • 1892 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, penulis Amerika (d. 1950)
  • 1895 – Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre, politisi Peru (d. 1979)
  • 1897 – Karol Świerczewski, jenderal Polandia (d. 1947)
  • 1899 – Dwight Frye, aktor Amerika (d. 1943)
  • 1899 – George O’Hara, aktor Amerika (d. 1966)
  • 1899 – Dechko Uzunov, pelukis Bulgaria (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Luis Buñuel, sutradara film kelahiran Spanyol (d. 1983)
  • 1900 – Seán Ó Faoláin, penulis Irlandia (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Fritz Strassmann, Fisikawan Jerman (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Morley Callaghan, penulis Kanada (d. 1990)
  • 1903 – Ain-Ervin Mere, Nazi Estonia (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Robert Weede, bariton Amerika (d. 1972)
  • 1906 – Humayun Kabir, pendidik dan politikus India (d. 1969)
  • 1907 – Sheldon Leonard, aktor Amerika (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Robert Young, aktor Amerika (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Sir John Mills, aktor Inggris (d. 2005)
  • 1908 – Rómulo Betancourt, presiden Venezuela (d. 1981)
  • 1911 – Bill Baker, pemain baseball Amerika (d. 2006)
  • 1913 – Buddy Tate, musisi jazz Amerika (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Henry Reed, penyair Inggris (d. 1986)
  • 1914 – Renato Dulbecco, pemenang Nobel
  • 1917 – Jane Bowles, dramawan Amerika (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – Sid Abel, pemain hoki es Kanada (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Charlie Finley, pengusaha olahraga Amerika (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Don Pardo, penyiar Amerika
  • 1921 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, Pemimpin Republik Afrika Tengah (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Wayne Booth, kritikus sastra Amerika (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – David Greene, sutradara Inggris (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Giulietta Masina, aktris Italia (d. 1994)
  • 1922 – Jesús Iglesias, pembalap Argentina (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Bleddyn Williams, Welsh rugby player (d. 2009)
  • 1925 – Edward Gorey, ilustrator Amerika (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Kenneth Williams, aktor Inggris (d. 1988)
  • 1926 – Bud Yorkin, sutradara film Amerika
  • 1928 – Paul Dooley, aktor Amerika
  • 1928 – Bruce Forsyth, pengusaha Inggris
  • 1928 – Clarence 13X, pemimpin agama Amerika (d. 1969)
  • 1928 – Axel Strøbye, aktor Denmark (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – James Hong, aktor Amerika
  • 1929 – Rebecca Schull, aktris Amerika
  • 1930 – Marni Nixon, penyanyi Amerika
  • 1930 – James McGarrell, pelukis Amerika
  • 1932 – Ted Kennedy, politisi Amerika (d. 2009)
  • 1933 – Katharine, Duchess of Kent
  • 1933 – Bobby Smith, pemain sepak bola Inggris
  • 1934 – Sparky Anderson, manajer baseball Amerika
  • 1935 – Sven Inge, artis Swedia (d. 2008)
  • 1936 – J. Michael Bishop, pemenang Nobel
  • 1936 – Ernie K-Doe, penyanyi Amerika (d. 2001)
  • 1938 – Steve Barber, pemain baseball Amerika (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Ishmael Reed, penulis Amerika
  • 1938 – Pierre Vallières, politisi Kanada-Perancis (d. 1995)
  • 1940 – Johnson Mlambo, politisi Afrika Selatan
  • 1940 – Billy Name, fotografer Amerika
  • 1941 – Hipólito Mejía, politikus Dominika
  • 1941 – Giorgos Arvanitis, sinematografer Yunani
  • 1942 – Christine Keeler, model Inggris
  • 1943 – Terry Eagleton, teoritisi Inggris
  • 1943 – Horst Köhler, President of Germany
  • 1944 – Jonathan Demme, American director
  • 1944 – Robert Kardashian, American lawyer (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Tom Okker, Dutch tennis player
  • 1945 – Leslie Charleson, American actress
  • 1945 – Oliver, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Carol Burns, Australian actress
  • 1947 – Harvey Mason, Jazz drummer
  • 1947 – Frank P. Tomasulo, American film professor and critic
  • 1947 – Maurizio De Angelis, Italian musician
  • 1948 – John Ashton, American actor
  • 1949 – Niki Lauda, Austrian race car driver and entrepreneur
  • 1949 – Olga Morozova, Russian tennis player
  • 1950 – Julius Erving, American basketball player
  • 1950 – Ellen Greene, American actress
  • 1950 – Lenny Kuhr, Dutch singer
  • 1950 – Miou-Miou, French actress
  • 1950 – Genesis P-Orridge, English musician and performer
  • 1950 – Julie Walters, English actress
  • 1952 – Cyrinda Foxe, American model (d. 2002)
  • 1952 – Bill Frist, American politician
  • 1953 – Graham Lewis, English musician (Wire)
  • 1953 – Nigel Planer, British actor
  • 1955 – David Axelrod, American political consultant
  • 1955 – Tim Young, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Gordon Banks, American guitarist
  • 1959 – Jiří Čunek, Czech politician
  • 1959 – Kyle MacLachlan, American actor
  • 1960 – Charles Cullen, American serial killer
  • 1961 – Akira Takasaki, Japanese guitarist
  • 1962 – Steve Irwin, Australian herpetologist (d. 2006)
  • 1962 – Lenda Murray, American bodybuilder
  • 1962 – Les Wallace, Scottish darts player
  • 1963 – Devon Malcolm, English Cricketer
  • 1963 – Vijay Singh, Fijian golfer
  • 1964 – Gigi Fernandez, Puerto Rican tennis player
  • 1964 – Agus Rochdianto, Jepara, Indonesia, Writer, Journalist
  • 1964 – Ed Boon, video game programmer and Mortal Kombat co-creator
  • 1965 – Chris Dudley, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Dean Karr, American director and photographer
  • 1965 – Pat LaFontaine, American ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Rachel Dratch, American actress and comedienne
  • 1966 – Brian Greig, Australian politician
  • 1966 – Thorsten Kaye, German actor
  • 1966 – Aiden Shaw, English pornographic actor
  • 1967 – Alf Poier, Austrian comedian
  • 1968 – Shawn Graham, Canadian politician
  • 1968 – Bradley Nowell, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 1968 – Elna Reinach, South African tennis player
  • 1968 – Jeri Ryan, American actress
  • 1968 – Jayson Williams, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Joaquín Cortés, Spanish dancer
  • 1969 – Thomas Jane, American actor
  • 1969 – Clinton Kelly, American TV personality
  • 1969 – Hans Klok, Dutch illusionist
  • 1969 – Brian Laudrup, Danish footballer
  • 1970 – Dominic Roussel, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Ravi Vakil, Canadian-American mathematician
  • 1971 – Lea Salonga, Filipina actress and singer
  • 1972 – Michael Chang, American tennis player
  • 1972 – Laurence Leboucher, French cyclist
  • 1973 – Claus Lundekvam, Norwegian footballer
  • 1973 – Juninho Paulista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973 – Einar Kristian Tveitå, Norwegian athlete
  • 1974 – James Blunt, English musician
  • 1974 – Chris Moyles, English DJ
  • 1975 – Drew Barrymore, American actress
  • 1976 – Faan Rautenbach, South African rugby player
  • 1977 – Timo Rose, German filmmaker
  • 1977 – Hakan Yakin, pemain sepak bola Swiss
  • 1978 – Jenny Frost, British singer/presenter/model/DJ (Atomic Kitten)
  • 1978 – Peter Madsen, Danish football player
  • 1979 – Brett Emerton, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Lee Na-young, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Fredson Camara, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Adrienne Pickering, aktris Australia
  • 1982 – Dichen Lachman, Australian Actress
  • 1982 – Jenna Haze, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Robert Weiner, Jr., American water polo player
  • 1982 – Shawntae Spencer, American football player
  • 1983 – Penny Flame, American pornographic actress
  • 1983 – Shaun Tait, Australian cricketer
  • 1984 – VenetianPrincess, YouTube celebrity
  • 1984 – Branislav Ivanović, Serbian footballer
  • 1984 – Giorgos Printezis, Greek basketball player
  • 1984 – Tommy Bowe, Irish rugby player
  • 1984 – Branislav Ivanović, pemain sepak bola Serbia
  • 1985 – Hameur Bouazza, Algerian footballer
  • 1985 – Sean Garballey, American politician
  • 1986 – Miko Hughes, American actor
  • 1986 – Rajon Rondo, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Han Hyo-joo, South Korean actress and model
  • 1988 – Kevin Borlée, Belgian athlete
  • 1988 – Przemysław Kazimierczak, Polish footballer
  • 1989 – Alia Sabur, American college educator

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